Jan 302011
 

For the last several days, I’ve been keeping an eye out for information about the role women are playing in the uprising in Egypt.  There is very little information available about this yet.  In one of the few pieces that have come out, Double XX tells us that women have in fact had a very strong presence in what has been happening,

An unprecedented number of Egyptian women participated in Tuesday’s anti-government protests. Ghada Shahbandar, an activist with the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights, estimated the crowd downtown to be 20 percent female. Other estimates were as high as 50 percent. In past protests, the female presence would rarely rise to 10 percent. Protests have a reputation for being dangerous for Egyptian women, whose common struggle as objects of sexual harassment is exacerbated in the congested, male-dominated crowd. Police hasten to fence in the demonstrators, and fleeing leads to violence. And women, whose needs are not reflected in the policies of official opposition groups who normally organize protests, have little reason to take the risk.

One of the protest organizers is a woman: Political activist Esraa Abdel Fattah, whose 15-day detention in 2008 for her activism made her a symbol of resistance. But Abdel Fattah’s position at the helm of the movement did not previously mean a large female presence.

As things get more violent however, women are being urged not to attend because of the safety risks,

Now organizers urged women to keep their distance. Wednesday’s demonstrations were much smaller, and much more male-dominated.

And indeed, when you see pictures on the news, they mostly show men.

The pictures are so exclusively male that it prompted someone to compile what pictures could be found of women and post them to Facebook.  I did find two pictures that I thought were notable in terms of what we see in the U.S. regarding what is happening in Egypt.  First, there is this  picture of President Obama talking to advisers about Egypt, note the lack of women in the room, particularly Secretary of State Clinton.

This second picture however is a revolution won- it’s a screenshot from a video of a news report–Martha Radditz and Christiane Amanpour talking about Egypt with Diane Sawyer on ABC–three women talking about a serious international news story, no men in the room–ten years ago that wouldn’t have happened.

Hopefully we will learn more about the role of women in the events that are taking place in Egypt during the coming days.

One last point that I think is critical–it is important to note that unrest of this kind is a significant risk to women because what protections they would normally have  against sexual assault and other crimes, while significantly lacking to begin with, is seriously compromised and access to medical services, particularly for maternal care is in all likelihood severely hampered right now.

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 January 30, 2011  Posted by on January 30, 2011

  3 Responses to “Looking At What Is Happening In Egypt From A Gendered Lens”

  1. It’s great to see you tracking the women’s voices and presence in this broad public uprising against a very repressive regime. I have also been pleased to see even CNN interviewing women in the streets. Yesterday, I saw the CNN newsman interview a woman at length — she was wearing all black, with only narrow slits for her eyes, but her voice was strong and articulate about why she wanted Mubarik’s government to go. She was very angry. The interviewer let her speak a long time – not a sound bite.

    It is as if the boiling kettle has finally erupted, with all the long-held frustrations boiling over into the streets. Men, women, poor, educated, unemployed, employed all in the streets expressing their rage. Hopefully soon they can also begin to articulate some way forward that is democratic – the movement presently lacks clear leadership. With many well educated women in Egypt also prepared to lead, I trust this way forward will include their participation.

    Lucinda, thanks much for writing about this.

  2. Carolyn, you are most welcome, as you of course know, it is crucial to use a gendered lens in our analysis. Right now we have few answers, but we need to keep asking the questions. A crucial one that several people have raised to me via email since I posted this is what the implications are for women’s human rights if the Mubarak government is overthrown, would this result in more freedom for women or is there a risk of it meaning more restrictions–too early to answer that, but something that definitely bears watching.

  3. (Note–this comment was edited to remove a non-functioning link)

    Egyptian Women were activists and involved in politics since the early 1900’s with the rise of women like Hoda Sharawi, Nabaweya Ismail, etc…
    Look them on Wikipedia

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